For Ads the More Targeted May Mean Less Profitable




Maybe you can have too much of a good thing. As the Internet allows advertisers to slice and dice large segments of desirable markets into thinner, more defined slices it also creates something that is much less desirable: smaller profits.

How is that you say? How is it possible to make less on my advertising spend when I am advertising directly to the group that most needs or wants my products? Well, it’s simple supply and demand. While you are targeting a much more defined market you are not going to be alone in that quest to advertiser to just the people that will buy. Remember those pesky competitors? They want those people too because their claim is that they are better than you. Now you are going to find a price war that drives up costs for advertising and makes customer acquisition costs rise which in turn hurt the bottom line. So maybe there is too much of a good thing after all.

MediaPost tells about a study performed by the MIT School of Management that has looked at this in detail

Professor Alessandro Bonatti, working with Yale University economics professor Dirk Bergemann on this research, says “… newspapers have a very limited ability to target audiences… specialized magazines can do better… Google has a very good ability to target who’s browsing each page… (though) online advertising has the potential to drive out traditional advertising, it does not necessarily follow that online advertisers will make more money… ”

Bonatti continues, “…as technology keeps improving, more and more web sites can sell very narrow products to very specialized audiences… with lots of people targeting the same audience the profits to be made through specialized advertising become more and more spread out… instead of competing for one large pool… you will have price war in each targeted segment as the slice gets more and more narrow.”

Bonatti concludes that, “… the better the technology, the lower the profits for advertisers… “

Not the news that advertisers want to hear but it sure is music to the ears of the niche ad networks that attract these more narrowly defined groups. Advertising price war? We’re in! Woo-hoo!

Different verticals are responding more rapidly and it also is dependent on just how far CPM’s fell during this downturn / recession / economic morass. Real estate is seeing an increase in CPM’s jumping 17% from Q2 to Q3 of last year while foodies are driving that category up almost 91% in the same period.

Here is a chart from Adify Vertical Gauge for you to gloss over and wonder what it really means.

So be careful what you wish for advertisers. Sure it’s great to advertise as close to the buyer as you can but you’re not the only one with that strategy. Let’s hope you are the one with the deeper pockets at least.

  • http://www.buybigtires.com/wordpress/feed OTR Tire Guy

    Am I to assume from this data that micro-niches are the wave of the future, along with targeting the extreme long tail? If this is the case, then marketers will be fighting for fistfuls of pennies, instead of dollars.
    .-= OTR Tire Guy´s last blog ..State of the Mining and Tire Industry: 2010 =-.

  • http://www.koolaidantidote.com Tom Kasperski

    You mean there’s such a thing as a media market? Stunning revelation.

    Of course more targeted ads are going to cost more. But any marketer with a thimble full of brains knows they should be calculating marketing ROI for each marketing activity. In SEM this can be fairly straight forward, but calculating ROI gets a lot hairier when there’s more distance between the ad and the conversion.

    Google has created an ideal marketplace for search media. The question remains, will the rest of the media industry develop the technology and data accessibility needed to quantify ROI?
    .-= Tom Kasperski´s last blog ..Changing the Marcom Mindset (part II) – Understanding Brands =-.

  • http://www.markmedia.org.uk Mark Mc

    I don’t see any compelling evidence that this has changed across all markets. Conditions will vary by market sector depending on factors such as the importance on non-price based competition, the range of media opportunities available or the complexity of the sales process involved.

    Not all advertising is aimed at generating a direct response and converting to an immediate sale. Where a direct response is not the immediate objective, reach is traded off against focus and newspapers can offer a wider reach per ad than search engines.

    This is a trend if you want to bring convertable traffic to a site selling MP3 players, but it is a negligible trend in other markets.